Every living thing depends on the information stored in its genetic material. DNA, the code passed down through generations and geological time, defines an organism. Within individual cells, DNA is transcribed into RNA, that is then translated to busy proteins: DNA is the starting block for cellular development and activity!
Furthermore, the genetic information of every being also tells the story of its evolution, its relatives and its adaptation to the environment.
It’s no wonder that scientists longed to decode the secrets of the DNA sequence ever since its discovery. … Read more